Global Educators Cohort Program - Teacher Education

Click here for Site Map
Jump to Main Content


Christina V. Schwarz - Associate Professor, Science Education

Teacher Education in the College of Education
Phone: (517) 432-4851
Email: cschwarz@msu.edu
Fax: (517) 432-5092
Office: 349 Erickson Hall, Michigan State University, MI 48824


Christina Schwarz (Ph.D. 1998, U.C. Berkeley) is an associate professor of science education in the Teacher Education department at Michigan State University. She teaches undergraduate and graduate courses in science education and science and has been the elementary science subject area leader for MSU’s teacher preparation program for over eight years. Schwarz holds degrees in science, math, and technology education from the University of California at Berkeley (PhD and MA) and in earth, atmospheric and planetary science from MIT (BS). Her background includes conducting research in astronomy, designing curriculum materials for science learners and teachers, and working in classrooms with students and teachers. Schwarz’s research primarily focuses on enabling students and teachers to understand and engage in scientific practices – particularly model-based scientific inquiry. She is the principal investigator for the NSF grant, Studying How Beginning Elementary Teachers Notice and Respond to Scientific Sense-making, the co-principle investigator for the NSF-funded project Supporting Scientific Practices in Elementary and Middle School Classrooms and was co-principle investigator of the former Learning Progression for Scientific Modeling project. She is also co-principle investigator of the NSF funded Head Start on Science preschool science project and the Modeling Hydrological Systems in Elementary Science project. Schwarz received the MSU College of Education Excellence and Innovation in Teaching Award in 2005, recently finished being an associate editor for the Journal of Research in Science Teaching, and has published articles in journals such as Cognition & Instruction, Science Education, the Journal of Research in Science Teaching, the Journal for Science Teacher Education, and Science & Children.

EDUCATION
University of California, Berkeley Ph.D. 1998
College of Education
Education in Math, Science, and Technology
Dissertation: Developing Students’ Understanding of Scientific Modeling

University of California, Berkeley M.A. 1994
College of Education
Education in Math, Science, and Technology
Master’s Project: Junior High-School Students’ Conceptions and Related Inquiry About Mass and Gravity

Massachusetts Institute of Technology B. S. 1990
Earth, Atmospheric, and Planetary Science
Minor in Music Performance

FACULTY APPOINTMENTS & RESEARCH EXPERIENCE
Associate Professor 6/09 - present
Department of Teacher Education (on leave 4/11 - 10/11)
College of Education, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI

Assistant Professor 1/02 - 6/09
Department of Teacher Education (on leave 2003)
College of Education, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI

Adjunct Professor 1/01- 6/01
Science Education, Southern Connecticut State University, New Haven, CT

Postdoctoral Fellow, Dr. Robert Sternberg 1/00- 8/00
Education Studies, Yale University, New Haven, CT

Assistant Professor 1/99- 1/00
Elementary and Middle School Science Education
Brooklyn College, City University of New York, Brooklyn, NY

Research Assistant, Drs. Barbara White and John Frederiksen 1/94 - 12/98
Education in Math, Science, and Technology
University of California at Berkeley, Berkeley, CA

Research Assistant, Dr. Marcia Linn 9/92 – 8/93
Education in Math, Science, and Technology
University of California at Berkeley, Berkeley, CA

Science Data Analyst 1/91 – 5/92
Space Telescope Science Institute, Baltimore, MD

Research Assistant, Dr. Claude Canizares, Director 9/87 – 12/90
Center for Space Research, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA

TEACHING EXPERIENCE
Guest teacher in collaborating Scientific Practices 6th grade Fall 2013
classrooms for seven lessons in the IQWST 6th grade chemistry unit,
Kinawa 5-6 school, Okemos, MI

Co-teacher and teacher aide in ThinkerTools 7th grade classrooms 1/94 – 6/97
Willard Middle School, Berkeley, CA, Montera Middle School, Oakland, CA

Graduate Student Instructor 9/93 – 12/93
Introduction to Astronomy, University of California at Berkeley, Berkeley, CA

Teaching Assistant, High School Astronomy Summer 1992
Thacher School Summer Science Program, Ojai, CA

Teaching Intern, High School Astronomy Summer 1990
Massachusetts Advanced Studies Program, MA

GRANTS
Developing Tools to Elicit and Analyze Scientific Modeling Practices 2014 – present
In Groups of Undergraduate Students
Co-PI CREATE for STEM MSU grant. $98,000. Designing modeling tasks
and analyzing college biology students’ diagrammatic genetics models
from group work over time.
Improving Science Teaching and Learning: Studying How Beginning 2013 – present
Elementary Teachers Notice and Respond to Students’ Scientific
Sense-making. PI NSF REESE grant (DRL1252439). $499,997. Documenting and defining a range of beginning elementary teacher practices for noticing and responding to students’ scientific sense-making and the contextual factors that impact their practices to determine how these practices develop over time.
Modeling Hydrological Systems in Elementary Science (MoHSES) 2012 – present
Co-PI NSF DRK-12 grant (DRL1220675). MSU subcontract
$62,699. Designing and analyzing 3rd grade curriculum materials and assessments that incorporate scientific modeling. Determining effective methods for modifying curriculum materials that can foster scientific modeling as well as researching how 3rd grade students and their teachers can engage in the practice.
Cluster Randomized Trial of the Efficacy of Early Childhood
Science Education for Low Income Children 2011 – present
Co-PI NSF DRK-12 grant (DRL1119327). $2,918,640. Developing coding and conducting analysis of preschool science teaching. Developing preschool science assessment measures of children’s science ideas and reasoning including early scientific practices.

Supporting Scientific Practices in Elementary and
Middle School Classrooms (Scientific Practices) 2010 – present
Co-PI NSF DRK-12 grant (DRL1020316). MSU subcontract $479,246. Designing a theoretical model that characterizes the integration and development of scientific practices for elementary and middle school students. Leading elementary school development and implementation of instructional trials including curriculum materials design and research/professional development with participating teachers.

Learning Progressions for Scientific Modeling (MoDeLS) 2006 – 2010
Co-PI NSF Instructional Materials Development grant. MSU subcontract $332,045.
Designed learning progression of scientific modeling for elementary and middle school
students. Leading elementary school progression and instructional trials including
curriculum materials design and research with participating teachers.

Center for Curriculum Materials in Science 2003 – 2008
Senior researcher in NSF Center for Learning and Teaching (ESI 0227557). Led
Elementary Teachers and Curriculum Materials (ETCM) research group. Conducted
research to develop theory and methods for preparing elementary teachers to effectively
use curriculum materials for teaching science. Past CCMS participation also included
work on 3rd grade force and motion unit.

Developing Leadership and Support for Professional Learning 2002 – 2007
Communities for Urban Science Teaching
Senior researcher in NSF Teacher Retention and Renewal grant (ESI 0138945).
Bi-weekly study group with 6th grade Lansing School District teachers and summer
professional development workshops around their curriculum.

Collaborative Research: Developing the Next Generation of 2005 – 2006
Middle School Science Materials – Investigating and Questioning
our World Through Science and Technology
Senior researcher in NSF development project (ESI 0101780). Worked with
team on designing 6th grade light unit – with a particular focus on the creation
and use of light models. Worked with team on designing professional development
program for IQWST teachers using the 6th grade curriculum materials.

The BIG Nature Lesson; Partnerships for Professional 2003 – 2004
Development in Science
Michigan Department of Education $99,877.
Conducted professional development and consulted with participating
scientists and teachers on the project.

Computer Modeling Tools for Elementary and Middle School 2002 – 2003
Science Instruction
PI for PT3 mini-grant, 2002-2003; ~$50,000.
Taught and researched an approach helping pre-service teachers learn about
and use computer modeling and simulation tools using our website.

The Role of Students’Epistemologies in Learning with Models. 2001
PI for Center for Innovative Learning Technology Seed Grant
$15,000.


PROFESSIONAL WRITING

Peer Reviewed Publications

Schwarz, C., *Ke, L., *Lee, M., & *Rosenberg, J. (2014). Developing Mechanistic Model-Based Explanations of Phenomena: Case Studies of Two Fifth Grade Students’ Epistemologies in Practice Over Time. In J. Polman, E. Kyza, D. O’Neill, … , & L. D’Amico (Eds.), Learning and Becoming in Practice: The Proceedings of the Eleventh International Conference of the Learning Sciences (ICLS) (pp. 182-189). Boulder, CO: International Society of the Learning Sciences.

Forbes, C., Schwarz, C., & *Zangori, L. (2014). Development of an Empirically-Based Learning Performances Framework for 3rd Grade Students’ Model-Based Explanations about Hydrologic Cycling. In J. Polman, E. Kyza, D. O’Neill, … , & L. D’Amico (Eds.), Learning and Becoming in Practice: The Proceedings of the Eleventh International Conference of the Learning Sciences (ICLS) (pp. 46-53). Boulder, CO: International Society of the Learning Sciences.

*Zangori, L., Forbes, C., & Schwarz, C. (2014). Investigating the Effect of Curricular Scaffolds on 3rd Grade Students’ Model-Based Explanations for Hydrologic Cycling. In J. Polman, E. Kyza, D. O’Neill, … , & L. D’Amico (Eds.), Learning and Becoming in Practice: The Proceedings of the Eleventh International Conference of the Learning Sciences (ICLS) (pp. 942-946). Boulder, CO: International Society of the Learning Sciences.

*Hokayem, H., & Schwarz, C. (2013). Engaging 5th graders in scientific modeling to learn about evaporation and condensation. International Journal of Science and Mathematics Education, (1) 1-24.

Schwarz, C., Reiser, B., Acher, A., Kenyon, L., & Fortus, D. (2012). MoDeLS: Challenges in defining a learning progression for scientific modeling. In A. Alonzo & A. Gotwals (Eds.) Learning Progressions in Science (LeaPS) (pp. 101-137). Boston, MA: Sense Publishers.

Schwarz, C. (2012). Supporting scientific practices in elementary and middle school classrooms: The role of quantitative reasoning. In R. Mayes, & L Hatfield (Eds.) Quantitative Reasoning in Mathematics and Science Education: Papers from an international STEM Research Symposium WISDOMe Monograph, Volume #3. University of Wyoming.

*Baek, H., Schwarz, C., *Chen, J, *Hokayem, H., & *Zhan, L. (2011). Engaging elementary students in scientific modeling: The MoDeLS 5th grade approach and findings. In M. S. Khine, & I. M. Saleh (Eds.) Models and Modeling: Cognitive tools for scientific enquiry (pp. 195-218). New York: Springer-Verlag.

Schwarz, C., Reiser, B, Davis, B., Kenyon, L, Acher, A., Fortus, D., Swartz, Y., Hug, B., & Krajcik, J. (2009). Designing a learning progression for scientific modeling: Making scientific modeling accessible and meaningful for learners. Journal for Research in Science Teaching.

Schwarz, C. (2009). Developing preservice elementary teachers’ knowledge and practices through modeling-centered scientific inquiry. Science Education.

Mikeska, J., Anderson, A., & Schwarz, C. (2009). Principled reasoning about problems of practice. Science Education.

Kenyon, L., Schwarz, C., & Hug, B. (2008). The benefits of scientific modeling. Science & Children, 46(2), 40-44.

Schwarz, C., Gunckel, K., Smith, E., Covitt, B., Bae, M., Enfield, M., & Tsurusaki, B. (2008). Helping elementary pre-service teachers learn to use science curriculum materials for effective science teaching. Science Education, 92(2), 345-377.

Schwarz, C., Meyer, J., & Sharma, A. (2007). Technology, pedagogy, and epistemology: Opportunities and challenges of using computer modeling and simulation tools in elementary science methods. Journal of Science Teacher Education, 18(2), 243-269.

Schwarz, C., & Gwekwerere, Y. (2007). Using a guided inquiry and modeling instructional framework (EIMA) to support pre-service K-8 science teaching. Science Education, 91(1), 158-186.

Schwarz, C., & White, B. (2005). Meta-modeling knowledge: Developing students’ understanding of scientific modeling. Cognition and Instruction, 23(2), 165-205.

Schwarz, C., Meyer, J., & Sharma, A. (2004). Preparing tomorrow’s teachers to use technology: Analysis of pre-service elementary and middle school teachers’ interactions with computer modeling and simulation tools. Proceedings of the International Conference of the Learning Sciences, Santa Monica, CA.

Schwarz, C. (2002). Is there a connection? The role of meta-modeling knowledge in learning with models. Proceedings of the International Conference of the Learning Sciences, Seattle, WA.

White, B., & Schwarz, C. (1999). Alternative approaches to using modeling and simulation tools for teaching science. In N. Roberts, W.
Feurzeig, & B. Hunter (Eds.), Modeling and simulation in science and mathematics education (pp. 226-256). New York: Springer-Verlag.

Book In Progress
Schwarz, C., Passmore, C., & Reiser, B. (accepted for publication – currently under revision). Helping Students Make Sense of the World Using Next Generation Science and Engineering Practices. NSTA Press.

Submitted or Under Revision
Berland, L., Schwarz, C., Kenyon, L., Lo, A., Krist, C., & Reiser., R. (under review). Epistemologies in Practice: Making Scientific Practices Meaningful for Students.

Schwarz, C., Passmore, C. & Reiser, B. (under revision). Moving beyond knowing science to making sense of the world. In C. Schwarz, C. Passmore, & B. Reiser (Eds), Helping Students Make Sense of the World Using Next Generation Science and Engineering Practices. NSTA Press.

Passmore, C., Schwarz, C., & Mankowski, J. (under revision). Developing and Using Models. In C. Schwarz, C. Passmore, & B. Reiser (Eds), Helping Students Make Sense of the World Using Next Generation Science and Engineering Practices. NSTA Press.

Schwarz, C., Passmore, C., & Reiser, B. (under revision). Conclusions. In C. Schwarz, C. Passmore, & B. Reiser (Eds), Helping Students Make Sense of the World Using Next Generation Science and Engineering Practices. NSTA Press.

*Baek, H. & Schwarz, C. (under revision). The Development of Two Fifth-Grade Students’ Epistemologies in Modeling From Their Participation in a Technology-Enhanced Model-Based Curriculum Unit.

Covitt, B., Schwarz, C., *Mikeska, J., & *Bae, M. (2008). Facilitating preservice elementary teachers’ engagement in reform science education practices through curriculum materials analysis boundary spanning activities. Unpublished technical manuscript.


Selected Manuscripts and Technical Reports

Berland, L., Schwarz, C., Kenyon, L., & Reiser, B. (2013, April). Epistemologies in practice: Making scientific practices epistemologically-meaningful for students. Paper presented at the annual meeting for the American Educational Research Association: San Francisco, CA.

Windschitl, M., Schwarz, C., & Passmore, C. (2013, April). Examining our own practice: The role of NGSS in improving pre-service teacher preparation. NARST position papers in response to NGSS. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the National Association for Research in Science Teaching conference, Puerto Rico.

Schwarz, C., Reiser, B., Fortus, D., Shwartz, Y., Acher, A., Davis. B., Kenyon, L., & Hug, B. (2009). MoDeLS: Defining a learning progression for scientific modeling. Proceedings of the Learning Progressions for Science (LeaPS) Conference, Iowa City, IA.

Schwarz, C. (2009, April). A learning progression of elementary teachers’ knowledge and practices for model-based scientific inquiry. Paper presented at the American Educational Research Association, San Diego, CA.

Davis, E., Kenyon, L., Hug, B., Nelson, M., Beyer, C., Schwarz, C., Reiser, B. (2008, January). MoDeLS: Designing supports for teachers using scientific modeling. Paper presented at the Association for Science Teacher Education, St. Louis, MO.

Schwarz, C. (2007, April). Helping pre-service elementary teachers learn to use curriculum materials for effective science teaching: Synthesizing results from the ETCM project. Paper presented at the American Educational Research Association, Chicago, IL.

Rogat, A. & Schwarz, C. (2006). Sequencing and supporting complex scientific inquiry practices in instructional materials for middle school students – Scientific modeling. Paper presented in a symposium at the National Association for Research in Science Teaching conference, San Francisco, CA.

Richmond, G. & Schwarz, C. (2005). Supporting the development of reform-based science teaching in urban contexts through work in professional inquiry communities. Unpublished manuscript.

Schwarz, C., & White, B. (2002). Developing a model-centered approach to science education. Technical report available on website: http://schwarz.wiki.educ.msu.edu/

Schwarz, C. (1998). Developing students’ understanding of scientific modeling. Doctoral dissertation, University of California, Berkeley, Graduate School of Education, Berkeley, CA.

Other Products
Schwarz, C., & Baek, H. (2008). MoDeLS: Would you drink the liquid that came from this dirty water? A 5th grade unit on evaporation and condensation investigating the phenomenon of a solar still.

Schwarz, C., Meyer. J., Sharma, A., & Rajagopalan, V. (2002). Modeling and simulation tools for elementary and middle school science instruction: http://ott.educ.msu.edu/2002pt3/INDEX.HTM

Schwarz, C. (2000). Scientific Inquiry & Modeling: Light, shadows, and day and night. A 4th grade unit designed using triarchic theory of intelligence.

Schwarz, C. (2000). Scientific Inquiry & Modeling: Our solar system. A 4th grade unit designed using triarchic theory of intelligence.

PRESENTATIONS
Schwarz, C., Reiser, B., Berland, L., & Kenyon, L. (2014, August). Supporting Scientific Practices in Elementary and Middle School Classrooms – What a Learning Progression Perspective Can Bring to Assessment and Instruction. Talk presented at a session on Learning Progressions at the meeting for the National Science Foundation’s DRK12 principal investigator’s meeting, Washington, D.C.

*Lee, M., Schwarz, C., *Ke, L., & *Rosenberg, J. (2014, April). Analyzing fifth-grade students’ engagement in scientific modeling: Changes in students’ epistemologies-in-practice over time. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the National Association for Research in Science Teaching, Pittsburgh, PA.

*Li, K., Schwarz, C., *Lee, M., & *Rosenberg, J. (2014, April). Examining Elementary Students’ Attention to Mechanisms as They Engage in Scientific Modeling Across Content Areas. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the National Association for Research in Science Teaching, Pittsburgh, PA.

Kenyon, L., Berland, L., Reiser, B., & Schwarz, C. (2014, April). An epistemological-based learning progression for scientific argumentation embedded in system of practice. A paper presented at the annual meeting of National Association for Research in Science Teaching, Pittsburgh, PA.

*Ke, L., *Lee, M., *Rosenberg, J., & Schwarz, C. (2014, February). Modeling across content areas: Examining elementary students’ attention to mechanism. Poster presented at the CREATE for STEM conference, Michigan State University.

Schwarz, C., Berland, L., Kenyon, L., & Reiser, B. (2013, May). Epistemologies in practice: Making scientific practices epistemologically-meaningful for students. Poster presented at the CREATE for STEM conference, Michigan State University.

Schwarz, C. V., *Akcaoglu, M., *Ke, L., *Zhan, L. (2013, April). Fifth grade students’ engagement in modeling practice across content areas: What epistemologies in practice change over time and how? Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Educational Research Association, San Francisco, CA.

Reiser, B., Kenyon, L., & Schwarz, C., (2013, April). A learning progression for argumentation, explanation, and modeling practices. Symposium presentation at the annual meeting of the American Educational Research Association, San Francisco, CA.

Kenyon, L., Schwarz, C., Berland, L., & Reiser, R. (April, 2013). Supporting students’ meaningful use of evidence when modeling. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the National Association for Research in Science Teaching conference, Puerto Rico.

Schwarz, C., & Passmore, C. (2012, September). Preparing for the Next Generation Science Standards – Developing and Using Models. Web seminar presented for the National Science Teacher’s Association. Content and audio can be retrieved from: http://learningcenter.nsta.org/products/symposia_seminars/NGSS/webseminar.aspx

Reiser, B., Schwarz, C., Kenyon, L., & Berland, L. (2012, June). Supporting Scientific Practices in Elementary and Middle School. Poster presented at the 2012 Discovery Research K-12 PI Meeting, Arlington, VA.

Van Egeren, L. A., Gerde, H., Schwarz, C., Lownds, N., Pierce, S., Reyes-Gastelum, D., Morris, B., Brophy-Herb, H., & Stein, M. (2012, June). Cluster-randomized trial of the efficacy of early childhood science education with low-income children. Poster presented at the 2012 Discovery Research K-12 PI Meeting, Arlington, VA.

Schwarz, C. (2012, May). Supporting scientific practices in elementary and middle school classrooms: The role of learning progressions and quantitative reasoning. Invited talk presented at the Quantitative Reasoning in Mathematics and Science Education STEM research symposium, Savannah, GA.

Schwarz, C. (2012, May). Improving K-12 science teaching and learning through research. Invited panel presentation for the CREATE for STEM conference. Michigan State University.

Schwarz, C. (2012, May). Supporting scientific practices in elementary and middle school classrooms. Poster presented at the CREATE for STEM conference. Michigan State University.

Schwarz, C., *Baek, H., *Zhan, L., & *Akcaoglu, M. (2012, March). Fostering elementary students’ productive engagement in scientific modeling. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the National Association for Research in Science Teaching conference, Indianapolis, Indiana.

*Baek, H., & Schwarz, C., (2011, April). How teachers and students make sense of and perform consensus model construction in two 5th grade classrooms. Poster presented at the National Association for Research in Science Teaching conference in Orlando, FL as part of a symposium entitled, "Supporting Elementary and Middle School Students in Developing, Using, and Refining Scientific Models."

*Zhan, L., *Baek, H., *Chen, J., & Schwarz, C. (2011, April). Investigating changes in the nature of 5th graders’ expressed models with respect to scale and dynamic aspects. Poster presented at the National Association for Research in Science Teaching conference in Orlando, FL as part of a symposium entitled, "Supporting Elementary and Middle School Students in Developing, Using, and Refining Scientific Models."

Schwarz, C., *Baek., H., *Chen., J., *Hokayem, H. & *Zhan., L. (2010, April). Engaging Elementary Students in Scientific Modeling: The MoDeLS 5th grade Approach and Findings. Paper presented at the National Association for Research in Science Teaching conference in Philadelphia, PA invited as part of an administrative symposium entitled, “Representational Reasoning in the Teaching and Learning of Science.”

*Hokayem, H., *Chen, J., *Baek., H. *Zhan., L., & Schwarz, C. (2010, April). The affordances and challenges of scientific modeling in a 5th grade unit on evaporation and condensation. Paper presented at the National Association for Research in Science Teaching conference in Philadelphia, PA.

Reiser, B., Schwarz, C., Acher, A., Kenyon, L., Buckingham, B., & *Chen, J. (2010, April). MoDeLS: Developing Modeling Practices Across Contexts. Poster presented at the National Association for Research in Science Teaching conference in Philadelphia, PA as part of a symposium entitled, “Developing and skills and practices of modeling.”

Schwarz, C. (2010, February). Measuring Outcomes and Collecting Feedback on Computational Thinking: Ideas from the MoDeLS project. Invited talk presented to the National Academies workshop on Computational Thinking for Everyone in Washington D.C.

Schwarz, C., Reiser, B., Fortus, D., Shwartz, Y., Acher, A., Davis. B., Kenyon, L., & Hug, B. (2009, June). MoDeLS: Defining a learning progression for scientific modeling. Plenary talk given at the Learning Progressions for Science (LeaPS) Conference in Iowa City, IA.

*Chen, J., *Hokayem, H., & Schwarz, C. (2009, April). Investigating the relationship between scientific modeling and content knowledge: A study of 5th graders’ learning of evaporation and condensation through scientific modeling. Poster presented at the National Association for Research in Science Teaching conference in Garden Grove, CA as part of a symposium entitled, “Supporting student and teacher learning about modeling practices.”

*Baek, H., Schwarz, C., & *Grueber, D. (2009, April). Analysis of cultural dimensions of elementary school students’ modeling practices. Poster presented at the National Association for Research in Science Teaching conference in Garden Grove, CA as part of a symposium entitled, “Supporting student and teacher learning about modeling practices.”

Reiser, B., Schwarz, C., Kenyon, L., Fortus, D., & Acher, A. (2009, April). A learning progression for elementary and middle school students’ modeling practices. Poster presented at the American Educational Research Association conference in San Diego, CA as part of a symposium entitled, “Scientific modeling in the classroom: Investigating learning and instruction.”

Schwarz, C., Reiser, B., Fortus, D., Krajcik, J., Roseman, J.E., Willard, T., & Acher, A.(2009, April). Designing and testing the MoDeLS progression. Paper presented at the National Association for Research in Science Teaching conference, Baltimore, MD.

Schwarz, C., Reiser, B., Fortus, D., Krajcik, J., Roseman, J.E., Willard, T., & Acher, A. (2008, April). Designing and testing the MoDeLS progression. Paper presented at the National Association for Research in Science Teaching conference, Baltimore, MD.

Kenyon, L., Schwarz, C., Hug, B., Baek, H., & Buckingham, B. (2008, April). Incorporating modeling practices into elementary students’ scientific investigations. Paper presented at the National Association for Research in Science Teaching conference, Baltimore, MD.

Fortus, D., Weizman, A., Shwartz, Y., Merritt, J., & Schwarz, C. (2008, April). Incorporating modeling practices into middle school project-based science. Paper presented at the National Association for Research in Science Teaching conference, Baltimore, MD.

Reiser, B., Schwarz, C., Krajcik, J., & Davis, E. (2008, April). Progress and challenges in making modeling practices meaningful. Paper presented at the National Association for Research in Science Teaching conference, Baltimore, MD.

Covitt, B., Schwarz, C., Bae, M., Mikeska, J. (2008, April). Facilitating preservice teachers’ development of professional practice through a boundary spanning activity. Paper presented at the National Association for Research in Science Teaching conference, Baltimore, MD.

Reiser, B., Schwarz, C., Shwartz, Y., Kenyon, L., Fortus, D., Krajcik, J., Davis, E., Buckingham, B., & Ladewski, B. (2008, March). MoDeLS: Articulating a learning progression for scientific modeling. Poster presented at the American Educational Research Association conference in New York, NY as part of a symposium entitled, “Diverse Perspectives on the Development, Assessment, and Validation of Learning Progressions in Science.”

Cartier, J., Gunckel, K., Schwarz, C., Smith, E., Sink, W., Forman, E. (2008, March). Examining elementary science curriculum materials: Using instructional frameworks to support pre-service teacher learning and practice. Poster presented at the American Educational Research Association in New York, NY.

Davis, E. & Schwarz, C. (2007, July). Teachers and curriculum materials. Invited Plenary at the Center for Curriculum Materials in Science, Knowledge Sharing Institute, Washington, D.C.

Schwarz, C. & Davis, E. (2007, July). Follow-up to the Plenary on teachers and curriculum materials. Symposium at the Center for Curriculum Materials in Science, Knowledge Sharing Institute, Washington, D.C.

Schwarz, C., Weizman, A., & Fortus, D. (2007, July). Designing and testing a learning progression for scientific modeling. Paper presented at the Center for Curriculum Materials in Science, Knowledge Sharing Institute, Washington, D.C.

McNeill, K., Kuhn, L., Krajcik, J., Reiser, B., Schwarz, C. & Swartz, Y. (2007, July). Student practices. Invited Plenary at the Center for Curriculum Materials in Science, Knowledge Sharing Institute, Washington, D.C.

Covitt, B., Schwarz, C., Bae, M., Mikeska, J., & Paluta, L. (2007, July). Facilitating preservice teachers’ development of professional practices through boundary spanning activities. Poster presented the Center for Curriculum Materials in Science, Knowledge Sharing Institute, Washington, D.C.

Gunckel, K., Smith, E., & Schwarz, C. (2007, July). Frameworks for analyzing curriculum materials, planning, and teaching science lessons to all students. Poster presented the Center for Curriculum Materials in Science, Knowledge Sharing Institute, Washington, D.C.

Elementary Teachers and Curriculum Materials Group (2007, July). Helping preservice teachers learn to use science curriculum materials. Poster presented at the Congressional Briefing from the Center for Curriculum Materials in Science, Knowledge Sharing Institute, Washington, D.C.

Schwarz, C. (2007, April). Helping pre-service elementary teachers learn to use curriculum materials for effective science teaching; Synthesizing results from the ETCM Project. Paper presented at the American Educational Research Association, Chicago, IL.

Krajcik, J., Reiser, B., Schwarz, C., & Fortus, D. (2007, April). Supporting a learning progression for scientific modeling in project-based inquiry curricula. Paper presented at the American Educational Research Association, Chicago, IL.

Schwarz, C., Covitt, B., Bae, M., Mikeska, J., & Paluta, L. (2007, April). Developing pre-service teachers’ professional knowledge with curriculum materials analysis tasks. Paper presented at the National Association for Research in Science Teaching conference, New Orleans, LA.

Schwarz, C., Davis, E., Kanter, D., & Smith, S. (2006, July). Learning progressions for describing teachers’ use of curriculum materials. Symposium presented at the Knowledge Sharing Institute of the Center for Curriculum Materials in Science, Ann Arbor, Michigan.

Bae, M., & Schwarz, C. (2006, July). Helping elementary pre-service teachers learn to apply instructional frameworks using curriculum materials. Poster presented at the Knowledge Sharing Institute of the Center for Curriculum Materials in Science, Ann Arbor, Michigan.

Schwarz, C., Cartier, J., Davis, E., LaVan, S., Zembal-Saul, C. (2006, April). Synthesizing approaches, frameworks, and findings for preparing effective elementary teachers. Symposium at the National Association for Research in Science Teaching conference, San Francisco, CA.

Schwarz, C., Gunckel, K., Enfield, M., Grosshandler, D., Tsurusaki, B., & Smith, E. (2006, April). Enhancing elementary teachers’ capabilities for critiquing, modifying, and enacting science curriculum materials; Empirical results from the elementary teachers and curriculum materials project. Paper presented at the National Association for Research in Science Teaching conference, San Francisco, CA.

Smith, E., Gunckel, K., & Schwarz, C. (2006, April). Enhancing elementary teachers’ capabilities for critiquing, modifying, and enacting science curriculum materials; Conceptual frameworks for the Elementary Teachers and Curriculum Materials project. Paper presented at the National Association for Research in Science Teaching conference, San Francisco, CA.

Schwarz, C. (2005, July). Teacher education and curriculum materials: Enabling teachers to critique, modify, and enact curriculum materials for effective science teaching. Session of the Knowledge Sharing Institute of the Center for Curriculum Materials in Science, East Lansing, MI.

Schwarz, C., & Gwekwerere, Y. (2005, April). Using a guided inquiry and modeling instructional framework (EIMA) to support pre-service K-8 science teaching. Paper presented at the American Educational Research Association, Montreal, Canada.

Richmond, G., Schwarz, C, Smith, D., Smith, R. T., & Smith, E. (2005, April). Supporting the development of reform-based science teaching in urban contexts through work in professional inquiry communities. Symposium at the National Association for Research in Science Teaching, Dallas, Texas.

Schwarz, C. (2004, July). Presentation of research related to scaffolding complex practices in curriculum materials, and learning sequences in curriculum materials. The Knowledge Sharing Institute of the Center for Curriculum Materials in Science, Evanston, IL.

Schwarz, C., Meyer, J., & Sharma, A. (2004, June). Preparing tomorrow’s teachers to use technology: Analysis of pre-service elementary and middle school teachers’ interactions with computer modeling and simulation tools. Paper presented at the International Conference of the Learning Sciences, Santa Monica, CA.

Schwarz, C., Meyer, J., & Sharma, A. (2004, April). Creating epistemologically-rich learning environments: Computer modeling tools for pre-service elementary and middle school teachers. Paper presented at the American Educational Research Association Meeting, San Diego, CA.

Schwarz, C. (2002, October). Is there a connection? The role of meta-modeling knowledge in learning with models. Paper presented at the International Conference of the Learning Sciences, Seattle, WA.

Schwarz, C (2002, April). Using model-centered science instruction to foster students’ epistemologies in learning with models. Paper presented at the annual meeting for the American Educational Research Association, New Orleans, LA.

Schwarz, C. (2001, June). Issues related to students’ and teachers’ epistemologies in learning with models. Presentation at workshop entitled Epistemologies and Modeling. Concord Consortium, Concord, MA.

Schwarz, C. (2001, April). Fostering students’ and teachers’ understanding of scientific modeling. Talk presented at the annual meeting for the American Educational Research Association, Seattle, WA.

Schwarz, C. (2001, March). Successes and challenges of teaching elementary science and science methods. Talk given at Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI.

Schwarz, C. (2001 - 2000). Developing a model-centered approach to science education. Talk given at the University of Washington, Seattle, WA, the University of Texas, Austin, TX, the University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA, the University of Colorado, Boulder, CO, the University of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA, Lehigh University, Bethlehem, PA, Brooklyn College, Brooklyn, NY, and the University of Connecticut, Storrs, CT.

Schwarz, C. (2000, October). Using computer modeling tools to foster elementary school teachers’ and students’ understanding of scientific modeling. Poster presented at the Center for Innovative Learning Technologies, Washington, DC.

Schwarz, C. (1999, April). The effect of a model-oriented curriculum on seventh grade students’ epistemological beliefs. Paper presented at the American Educational Research Association, Montreal, Canada.

Schwarz, C. (1999, March). What do seventh-grade students understand about scientific modeling from a model-oriented curriculum? Paper presented at the National Association for Research in Science Teaching, Boston, MA.

Schwarz, C., & White, B. (1998, April). Fostering middle school students’ understanding of scientific modeling. Paper presented at the American Educational Research Association, San Diego, CA.

Schwarz, C., & White, B. (1998, April). The ThinkerTools model-design software and curriculum. Paper presented at the National Association for Research in Science Teaching, San Diego, CA.

Schwarz, C., & White, B. (1998, January). The ThinkerTools scientific inquiry and modeling project. Work presented at the Center for Innovative Learning Technology’s visualization conference, Berkeley, CA.

Schwarz, C, & White, B. (1997, June). The ThinkerTools scientific inquiry and modeling software and curricula. Work presented at an informal workshop on model building in science learning at the University of Colorado, Boulder, CO.

Schwarz, C (1997, May). A science and design partnership: Developing a middle school curriculum about scientific modeling. Talk given at the University of California at Berkeley, Berkeley, CA.

Schwarz, C., White, B., & Frederiksen, J. (1997, April). Educational technologies and instructional approaches for scientific inquiry and modeling. Paper presented at the American Educational Research Association, Chicago, IL.

Schwarz, C., White, B., & Frederiksen, J. (1997, April). Computer microworlds and scientific inquiry: Developing students’ understanding of modeling. Paper presented at the National Association for Research in Science Teaching, Oakbrook, IL.

White, B., Frederiksen, J. & Schwarz, C. (1996, April). ThinkerTools: A curriculum for teaching scientific inquiry and modeling. Interactive symposium presented at the meeting of the American Educational Research Association, New York, NY.

Schwarz, C. (1995, April). Junior high students’ conceptions and related inquiry about mass and gravity. Poster session presented at the meeting of the American Educational Research Association, San Francisco, CA.

AWARDS AND FELLOWSHIPS
Excellence and Innovation in Teaching Award 2005
College of Education, Michigan State University

Modeling and Simulation tools for K-8 Science Teaching 2005
Contemporary Issues in Technology and Teacher Education’s Gallery of
Exemplary Practices in the Use of Technology to Teach Content in a Methods Course:
http://www.citejournal.org/vol5/iss1/general/article5.cfm

National Science Foundation Science and Design Fellowship 1996-97

Evelyn Lois Corey Graduate Fellowship, University of California at Berkeley 1996

School of Education Regents Fellowship, University of California at Berkeley 1995

PROFESSIONAL SERVICE AND REVIEWING

National Service
Reviewer for two NSF panels and ad-hoc reviewing Spring & Summer 2013
Associate Editor for the Journal for Research in Science Teaching 2010 - 2013
National Association for Research in Science Teaching 2007-2009
Program coordinator for Strand 7 pre-service science teacher education
Reviewer for NSF panel (11 proposals) 2009
Advisory Board for National Science Foundation funded project (PIs: Bransford, Bell, Shouse, Tzou & Vye) “Agency in Sustained Problem-Based Inquiry: Learning Science Through and As Innovation”

Advisory Board for National Science Foundation funded project (PIs: Barber, Loper, & McNeill) “Constructing and Critiquing Arguments in Middle School Science Classrooms: Supporting Teachers with Multimedia Educative Curriculum Materials”

Advisory Board for National Science Foundation funded project (PI: Ji Shen) entitled, “Achievements and Challenges of Modeling-based Instruction (ACMBI) in Science Education from 1980 to 2009”

Reviewer
Cognition and Instruction
Journal of the Learning Sciences
Journal for Research in Science Teaching
Teaching and Teacher Education
Science Education
International Conference for the Learning Sciences
American Educational Research Association: Division C, Learning and Instruction
American Educational Research Association: Division K, Teacher Education, Science
American Educational Research Association: Special Interest Group, Learning Sciences
National Association for Research in Science Teaching

REPRESENTATIVE COLLEGE AND DEPARTMENT SERVICE
Excellence and Innovation in Teaching Award Selection Committee, 2008
College of Education

Elementary science subject area leader, 2005/06, 2007- present
Department of Teacher Education

Reappointment, Promotion and Tenure Committee, 2006-2007
Department of Teacher Education

Faculty Advisory Committee, 2005-2007
Department of Teacher Education

Teacher Preparation Academic Policy and Procedures Committee, 2004-2005
Department of Teacher Education

Integrated Science Major program development 2004-2005

Science Education Search Committee, 2004, 2006, 2008
Department of Teacher Education

Ph.D. Academic Policy and Procedures Committee, 2002
Department of Teacher Education

REPRESENTATIVE LOCAL SERVICE and COMMUNITY OUTREACH
Professional Development, MoDeLS 5th grade Okemos & Lansing teachers 2007-present
Monthly meetings and summer workshops
East Lansing, Michigan

Professional Development, PiCRUST 6th grade Lansing teachers 2002-2007
Bi-weekly study groups and summer learning institutes
Lansing, Michigan

Director of the Cornell Elementary School Science Fair 2005-2007
Okemos, Michigan

COURSES TAUGHT
Undergraduate
TE 401 Teaching subject matter to diverse learners: Elementary science methods
TE 402 Crafting teaching practice: Elementary science methods
SME 301 Science for elementary schools
SME 420 Science research for elementary schools
Internship
TE 501 Internship in teaching diverse learners I
TE 502 Internship in teaching diverse learners II
Masters
TE 804 Reflection and inquiry in teaching practice II
TE 860B Inquiry and the nature of science (on-line course)
Doctoral
TE 994 Laboratory and field experience in curriculum, teaching, and education policy for elementary science teacher educators
TE 955 Contemporary issues in science curriculum and teaching: Science learning and development
TE 991A Special topics in science education: Teaching and learning science with technology

DOCTORAL ADVISEES OR DISSERTATION CHAIR
Minjung Bae, Department of Counseling, Educational Psychology, and Special Education
Jamie Mikeska, Department of Teacher Education
Hamin Baek, Department of Teacher Education

DOCTORAL COMMITTEES (OTHER THAN ADVISEES)
Kristin Gunckel, Department of Teacher Education
Jing Chen, Department of Teacher Education
Hosun Kang, Department of Teacher Education